You are here:   HomeLearningCurriculum Reading and Phonics

Reading and Phonics

At Melton, we want the children to develop a love of reading and writing that will serve them well for the rest of their lives. We want to help them to take joy in the texts they read, and to be bold and ambitious when producing their own writing.


In reception and key stage one, children begin  learning to read through phonics - learning the letters and sounds that correspond to each other. This is supported by time where they will be read stories, poems and non-fiction texts as a class. The school follows the letters and sounds phonics scheme.

The school also uses the Oxford Reading Tree to support reading alongside phonics in Reception and Key Stage 1

Each class has guided reading once a day. The children will be in groups doing activities that support their learning in English. One group will be reading with the teacher, developing their decoding, comprehension and inference skills.

We have a well-stocked and cosy library. Each child at Melton can borrow a book at a time. There's also a request box for any books that they'd like to read but aren't in the library.

Each child has a reading diary. As well as being a log for your reading at home, it contains useful information on phonics, high frequency words, and the national curriculum's key stage 2 spelling lists.


Each year, children will learn to write for a range of purposes and to a range of audiences, so that they develop their confidence in different types of writing. As they do this, they will be exposed to a variety of high-quality, real examples of these genres.


The national curriculum also requires children to build up subject knowledge in  grammar.. To help them build up this knowledge, children at Melton will learn about the various punctuation and word types that form a sentence. As this develops, they will be more able to think about which elements to use in order to build a good sentence.


To help the children with their spelling, we investigate patterns within words, whether it's phonemes and graphemes (such as the 'y' you'll find on the end of words like 'happy' or 'jelly'), or letter strings (like the 'cious' in 'delicious'). This will help them to get an idea of how to make sensible guesses when spelling words that they're unsure of.


In reception, children develop their fine motor skills and are helped to hold a pencil with a suitable grip. As they learn new phonemes and graphemes, they learn how to form them in writing.

In year 2, the children are taught to join their writing, so that they will be able to write more quickly, neatly in comfortably. This will be embedded throughout the rest of their journey at Melton.

The handwriting will often link to the spelling patterns that the children are looking at.